In a paper published online February 16, 2016, the researchers describe the design of an electron microelectromechanical system that mimics phosphorus electron configurations and uses it to generate electricity.
The system is based on a novel design that has been used successfully in some other applications, including power generation for solar cells.
The paper is titled “A new phosphorus electron microfluidic energy storage device.”
“The phosphorus electron is a high energy electron that is highly stable, but at the same time highly controllable, by using a magnetic field,” said lead author Thomas Heitmann, a professor of materials science and engineering at the University of Leipzig.
“In a typical system, the electron is driven by a magnetic magnetic field.
In this device, the magnetic field is controlled by the presence of phosphorus ions.
In the absence of phosphorus, the ions are forced to align themselves to form a circular magnetic field.”
The new device consists of a phosphorus-containing nanorod containing an electrode, a magnetic nanoparticle, and a phosphorus atom.
The nanorods were created by the team using a combination of materials, including a platinum-based carbon nanotube alloy and a silicon nanotubes oxide.
“We have used nickel and copper nanotubes to create a phosphorus nanotuseled nanowire that is also electrostatically conductive,” Heitman said.
“This makes the system very stable.”
The device uses the energy produced by the phosphorus atom to drive the electron, which has an electrical charge of about 30 electron volts per gram of phosphorus.
The energy of the phosphorus atoms drives the electrons, which are driven by the force of gravity.
This force pushes the nanoparticle and electrode together, which creates the magnetic fields and the electrochemical cycle.
The electrons generate electricity that is used to power a battery, which uses the electricity to charge the batteries.
“The electrical charge is the same, so it can be converted to electrical current,” Heilmann said.
The device is also ideal for applications that require a large volume of the system to power devices.
“You can easily create a lot of these devices with phosphorus nanorodes in different materials, or with a very low-temperature electrode,” Heifmann said, adding that this material could also be used in a battery.
“There are lots of applications for this, but I’m not a huge fan of phosphorus nanomaterials,” he said.
He added that the design is not entirely novel because other phosphorus electron devices have been shown to work.
The new phosphorus nanofluidic device is not a new concept, but it has never been made public before.
“It is a very important technology in this field,” Heidmann said of the new design.
“But there are many more phosphorus nanodas that have been created, and it’s just not possible to show all of them in one device.”
He added, “I am very happy that this new design can be shown.”
This work was supported by the European Research Council, the European Union Seventh Framework Programme and the National Institutes of Science, as well as by the National Center for Nanotechnology (NANO) of the German Research Foundation.
The authors can be found at the journal Nano Letters.
This article first appeared on The Nextweb.